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TEKS Objective

The student is expected to construct simple tables, charts, bar graphs, and maps using tools and current technology to organize, examine, and evaluate data.

Essential Understanding

The student uses scientific inquiry methods during laboratory and outdoor investigations.

Science Background

Using Graphs and Visual Data: Visionlearning (website) - Detailed information about the use and importance of visual representations (i.e., graphs and figures) for data analysis and interpretation. Includes references for further reading and additional learning modules.

Using Graphs and Visual Data

Organizing Information: Glencoe Online (website) - Discussion and explanation of different tools and strategies we use to organize and present information, including tables, graphs, concept maps, etc.

Organizing Information
Glencoe Online ,

Signature Lesson

Track the Weather with Weather Charts: (website) - Students conduct a three-part study to track the microclimate in their backyards, collecting data and constructing representative charts, tables and graphs on temperature, rainfall, and observed weather. By organizing, examining and evaluating the data, students learn about local temperature trends and rainfall frequency.

Track the Weather with Weather Charts ,

Supporting Lessons

Impact Craters: NASA (PDF) - Impact craters are formed when impactors, such as meteorites, smash into the moon’s surface. In this activity, students use “impactors” of different masses (marbles, ball bearings, etc.) to study the relationship of an impactor’s mass to crater size. Students construct graphs, tables and charts to represent and evaluate the data collected.

Impact Craters


Elaboration Lessons and Extensions

Learning to Make Data Tables: SEDL (PDF) - Tutorial that guides students through the process of making a data table. Includes examples.

Learning to Make Data Tables

Assessment Ideas

Number Games: Kids Math Games (website) - Provide students with information to put into a table.  They can extend the assessment by creating a bar graph.

Number Games
Kids' Math Games,

Literature Connections

Great Tables, Graphs, Charts, Diagrams & Timelines You Can Make. Zike, Dinah (ISBN-13: 978-1882796144)

Beginning Charts, Graphs & Diagrams. Carratello, Patty (ISBN-13: 978-1557341686)

Related Science TEKS

(4.2A) Plan and Implement Descriptive Investigation  
The student is expected to plan and implement descriptive investigations, including asking well-defined questions, making inferences, and selecting and using appropriate equipment or technology to answer his/her questions.

(4.2B) Collect Data
The student is expected to collect and record data by observing and measuring, using the metric system, and using descriptive words and numerals such as labeled drawings, writing, and concept maps.

(4.2C) Graphs, Tables, Charts   
The student is expected to construct simple tables, charts, bar graphs, and maps using tools and current technology to organize, examine, and evaluate data.

(4.2D) Analyze Evidence and Explain
The student is expected to analyze data and interpret patterns to construct reasonable explanations from data that can be observed and measured.

(4.2E) Value of Repeated Experiments  
The student is expected to perform repeated investigations to increase the reliability of results.

(4.2F) Communicate Conclusions 
The student is expected to communicate valid, oral, and written results supported by data.

(4.3A) Analyze, Evaluate and Critique Explanations  
The student is expected to in all fields of science, analyze, evaluate, and critique scientific explanations by using empirical evidence, logical reasoning, and experimental and observational testing, including examining all sides of scientific evidence of those scientific explanations, so as to encourage critical thinking by the student.

(4.3C) Develop a Model   
The student is expected to represent the natural world using models such as rivers, stream tables, or fossils and identify their limitations, including accuracy and size

(4.4)  Science Tools   
The student knows how to use a variety of tools, materials, equipment, and models to conduct science inquiry.

(4.4A) Tools for Collecting and Analyzing Information   
The student is expected to collect, record, and analyze information using tools, including calculators, microscopes, cameras, computers, hand lenses, metric rulers, Celsius thermometers, mirrors, spring scales, pan balances, triple beam balances, graduated cylinders, beakers, hot plates, meter sticks, compasses, magnets, collecting nets, and notebooks; timing devices, including clocks and stopwatches; and materials to support observation of habitats of organisms such as terrariums and aquariums.

(4.4B) Safety Equipment    
The student is expected to use safety equipment as appropriate, including safety goggles and gloves.

Related Math TEKS

4.11A  The student is expected to estimate and use measurement tools to determine length (including perimeter), area, capacity and weight/mass using standard units SI (metric) and customary.

4.11B   The student is expected to perform simple conversions between different units of length, between different units of capacity, and between different units of weight within the customary measurement system.

4.11C   The student is expected to use concrete models of standard cubic units to measure volume.

4.11D  The student is expected to estimate volume in cubic units.

4.11E   The student is expected to explain the difference between weight and mass.

4.12A  The student is expected to use a thermometer to measure temperature and changes in temperature.

4.12B   The student is expected to use tools such as a clock with gears or a stopwatch to solve problems involving elapsed time.

4.13A  The student is expected to use concrete objects or pictures to make generalizations about determining all possible combinations of a given set of data or of objects in a problem situation.

4.13B   The student is expected to interpret bar graphs.

4.14A  The student is expected to identify the mathematics in everyday situations.

4.14B   The student is expected to solve problems that incorporate understanding the problem, making a plan, carrying out the plan, and evaluating the solution for reasonableness.

4.14C   The student is expected to select or develop an appropriate problem-solving plan or strategy, including drawing a picture, looking for a pattern, systematic guessing and checking, acting it out, making a table, working a simpler problem, or working backwards to solve a problem.

Additional Resources

Representing Data, Introduction: KS3 Bitesize/BBC (website) - Links to information about creating and understanding the different types of graphs or charts used to organize and represent scientific data: bar charts, line graphs, pictograms, pie charts, frequency diagrams and scatter diagrams.

Representing Data, Introduction
KS3 Bitesize/BBC ,

Analyze Data and Draw Conclusions: Discovery Education (website) - Students analyze a table of data collected from a plant growth experiment, make conclusions and answer questions regarding experiment outcomes.

Analyze Data and Draw Conclusions
Discovery Education ,

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