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Observable Patterns in Nature

Observable Patterns in Nature

TEKS Objective

The student is expected to make predictions based on observable patterns in nature such as the shapes of leaves. 

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Essential Understanding

The student knows that information and critical thinking are used in scientific problem solving. 

Science Background

Making Predictions – A Strategy for Reading and Science Learning: Beyond Weather and the Water Cycle (website) – This site explains the relationship between predicting in reading and science. It goes on to explain that predicting in science is a process skill about gathering evidence to infer the outcome of a future event.

Making Predictions – A Strategy for Reading and Science Learning
Beyond Weather and the Water Cycle, beyondweather.ehe.osu.edu

Predictable Patterns: Explorit Science Center (website) – This site explains how recognizing a pattern can help students to make predictions about what happens next. The Background section is on the top of this website.

Predictable Patterns
Explorit Science Center, www.explorit.org

What is Inquiry Science Teaching? BioEd Online (video) – Nancy Moreno, PhD, explains how to use questions and investigations to guide your students' science learning.

What is Inquiry Science Teaching?
BioEd Online, www.bioedonline.org

Signature Lesson

Kindergarten Inquiry – Investigating Leaves: Minnesota Science Teachers Education Project (website) – This lesson begins by having the students make a prediction about the contents of a box.  They will then make observations on leaves and classify them based on the patterns, then play a game based on the patterns they’ve observed on their leaves.

Kindergarten Inquiry – Investigating Leaves
Minnesota Science Teachers Education Project, serc.carleton.edu

Supporting Lessons

A Matter of Pattern: Science NetLinks (website) – This is a lesson on which students will create and predict patterns while making paper snowflakes. Students will understand that patterns may be predicted based on observation.

A Matter of Pattern
Science NetLinks, sciencenetlinks.com

Floating and Sinking: Kids Science Experiments (website) – Students predict and test which object will float or sink in water, record the data, and report the results.

Floating and Sinking
Kids Science Experiments, www.lovemyscience.com

A Magnet Project Makes a Great Science Fair Idea! Easy Science Fair Projects (website) – Students make predictions, observe outcomes, collect data, and test various objects to find out if they are attracted to a magnet.

A Magnet Project Makes a Great Science Fair Idea!
Easy Science Fair Projects, www.easy-science-fair-projects.net

Elaboration Lessons and Extensions

Floating Sponge: Kids Science Experiments (website) – Students predict whether or not a sponge will sink in water or float and then test their prediction.

Floating Sponge
Kids Science Experiments, www.lovemyscience.com

Assessment Ideas

Provide the student with a piece of paper and crayons and have them create a pattern of their own using colors, numbers, shapes, etc.

Science Fair Projects Using Water: Easy Science Fair Projects (website) - Assess your students’ ability to make predictions based on observable patterns as they perform this investigation.

Science Fair Projects Using Water
Easy Science Fair Projects, www.easy-science-fair-projects.net

Literature Connections

Bow-Wow Orders Lunch (Bow-Wow Book: All about Pattern), Newgarden, Mark, (ISBN-13: 978-0152058296)

Why Do Leaves Change Color? Maestro, Betsy, (ISBN-13: 978-0064451260)

Learning About Leaves, Wrazen, Shanna, (ISBN-13: 978-0823981021)

No Roses for Harry, Zion, Gene, (ISBN-13: 978-0064430111)

The Kid’s Book of Weather Forecasting, Breen, Mark, (ISBN-13: 978-1885593399) 

Related Science TEKS

(K.2A) Ask Questions
The student is expected to ask questions about organisms, objects, and events observed in the natural world.

(K.2B) Plan and Conduct Descriptive Investigations
The student is expected to plan and conduct simple descriptive investigations such as ways objects move.

(K.2D) Record and Organize Data & Observations
The student is expected to record and organize data and observations using pictures, numbers, and words.

(K.2E) Communicate Observations
The student is expected to communicate observations with others about simple descriptive investigations.

(K.4B) Five Senses
Use senses as a tool of observation to identify properties and patterns of organisms, objects, and events in the environment. 

Related Math TEKS

K.8A   Describe and identify an object by its attributes using informal language (including shape, size, type, color, texture, or use).

K.13B Solve problems with guidance that incorporates the processes of understanding the problem, making a plan, carrying out the plan, and evaluating the solution for reasonableness.

K.15A Justify his or her thinking using objects, words, pictures, numbers, and technology. 

Additional Resources

Kindergarten Harvest Lesson Plans – Leaves I: Bright Hub (website) – Series of activities and lessons to teach kids about autumn using leaves.

Kindergarten Harvest Lesson Plans – Leaves I
Bright Hub, www.brighthub.com

Predictable Patterns: Explorit Science Center (website) - This website provides a few very interesting activities about exploring patterns and making predictions from them. The top part of the webpage is dedicated to provide background to the teacher. The bottom part contains the activities.

Predictable Patterns
Explorit Science Center, www.explorit.org

How to Teach Science Activities: Kindergarten-Lesson.com (website) – This article describes simple teaching techniques which can engage and motivate students in science education and activities.

How to Teach Science Activities
Kindergarten-Lessons.com

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