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Movement of Objects

Movement of Objects

TEKS Objective

Observe and describe the ways that objects can move such as in a straight line, zigzag, up and down, back and forth, round and round, and fast and slow.

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Essential Understanding

The student knows that energy, force, and motion are related and are a part of their everyday life.

Science Background

Motion: Physics4Kids (website) - Motion is one of the key topics in physics. Everything in the universe moves.  Learn more about the basics of force and motion as you navigate this website.

Motion
by Andrew Rader, Physics4Kids, www.physics4kids.com

The Way Things Move: Explorit Science Center (website) - Movement happens as a result of a force acting upon an object. Learn more about the way things move as you read this article.

The Way Things Move
Explorit Science Center, www.explorit.org

Signature Lesson

Friction Study: Kindergarten-Lessons (website) - Students investigate the affects of texture on the speed with which a block moves down a ramp covered in different materials. A good introduction to experimental design for young learners.

Friction Study
Kindergarten-Lessons, www.kindergarten-lessons.com

Supporting Lessons

Push or Pull: Cape Girardeau Public School District (PDF) - Students identify objects in the room that require pushing or pulling, and then sort toys into a Venn diagram based on whether they push or pull.

Push or Pull
Cape Girardeau Public School District, www.cape.k12.mo.us

Elaboration Lessons and Extensions

Let it Roll: Science NetLinks (website) – Students investigate and measure the rate at which objects roll down a ramp.

Let it Roll
Science Netlinks, www.sciencenetlinks.com

Making Objects Move: Science NetLinks (website) - Students identify ways to make objects move, explore the forces required to control movement (e.g., pushing, pulling, throwing, dropping, rolling), and build a structure that can be used to move an object from one place to another.

Making Objects Move
Science NetLinks, www.sciencenetlinks.com

Assessment Ideas

Give each student a toy car. As an assessment, have students make their cars move in a straight line, then in a zigzag motion, back and forth, round and round, fast and slow, etc.

Literature Connections

Movement: Things That Go. Pipe, J. (ISBN-13: 9781596040182)

Zigzag Movement. Schaefer, L. M. (ISBN-13: 9780736804011)

Back and Forth. Schaefer, L. M. (ISBN-13: 9780736803984)

And Everyone Shouted, Pull! Llewellyn, C. (ISBN-13: 9781404806566)

Up and Down. Johnson, Tami (ISBN-13: 9780736867344)

Related Science TEKS

(K.2A) Ask Questions
The student is expected to ask questions about organisms, objects, and events observed in the natural world.

(K.2B) Plan and Conduct Descriptive Investigations
The student is expected to plan and conduct simple descriptive investigations such as ways objects move.

(K.2C) Collect Data
The student is expected to collect data and make observations using simple equipment such as hand lenses, primary balances, and non-standard measurement tools.

(K.2D) Record and Organize Data & Observations
The student is expected to record and organize data and observations using pictures, numbers, and words.

(K.2E) Communicate Observations
The student is expected to communicate observations with others about simple descriptive investigations.

(K.4A) Tools for Collecting Information
The student is expected to collect information using tools, including computers, hand lenses, primary balances, cups, bowls, magnets, collecting nets, and notebooks; timing devices, including clocks and timers; non-standard measuring items such as paper clips and clothespins; weather instruments such as demonstration thermometers and wind socks; and materials to support observations of habitats of organisms such as terrariums and aquariums.

(K.4B) Five Senses
The student is expected to use senses as a tool of observation to identify properties and patterns of organisms, objects, and events in the environment.

Related Math TEKS

K.2A    The student is expected to use language such as before or after to describe relative position in a sequence of events or objects.

K.2B    The student is expected to name the ordinal positions in a sequence such as first, second, third, etc. for objects through the tenth position.

K.7A    The student is expected to describe one object in relation to another using informal language such as over, under, above, and below.

K.7B    The student is expected to place an object in a specified position.

K.13B  The student is expected to solve problems with guidance that incorporates the processes of understanding the problem, making a plan, carrying out the plan, and evaluating the solution for reasonableness.

K.13D  The student is expected to use tools such as real objects, manipulatives, and technology to solve problems.

K.15A  The student is expected to justify his or her thinking using objects, words, pictures, numbers, and technology.

Additional Resources

Ramp Builder: Science NetLinks (website) - Students plan, build, and test a ramp intended to allow objects to roll farther.

Ramp Builder
Science NetLinks, www.sciencenetlinks.com

Forces and Movement: BBC Home (website) - Interactive games that reinforce students’ knowledge of the concepts of forces and movement.

Forces and Movement
BBC Home, www.bbc.co.uk

Identifying the Force Used to Put Sports Equipment into Motion: Minnesota Science Teachers Education Project, MnSTEP (website) – Observe objects as they are put into motion.

Identifying the Force Used to Put Sports Equipment into Motion
Minnesota Science Teachers Education Project

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