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Location of Objects

Location of Objects

TEKS Objective

The student will observe and describe the location of an object in relation to another such as above, below, behind, in front of, and beside.

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Essential Understanding

The student knows that energy, force, and motion are related and are a part of their everyday life.

Science Background

Fun and Games, Spatial Concepts: Chateau Meddybemps (website) - Information that helps parents and teachers learn about and teach developmentally appropriate spatial concepts to young students.

Fun and Games, Spatial Concepts
Chateau Meddybemps, www.meddybemps.com

Spatial Awareness in Young Children: Kids Development (website) - Brief article with useful information about spatial awareness and tips for teaching spatial awareness to your students.

Spatial Awareness in Young Children
Kids Development, www.kidsdevelopment.co.uk

Spatial Relations and Learning: New Horizons for Learning (PDF) - Information about spatial relations, including qualities like size, distance, volume, order, and time.

Spatial Relations and Learning
New Horizons for Learning, www.arkinst.org

Signature Lesson

Play, Build, and Learn Spatial Relationships: Education.com (website) - Students observe and describe the relative locations of objects and develop a basic spatial concepts vocabulary.

Play, Build, and Learn Spatial Relationships
Education.com, www.education.com

Leaping, Jumping, Hopping: University of North Carolina (website) – discuss and experience basic movement, focusing on leaping, jumping, and hopping skills.

Leaping, Jumping, Hopping
University of North Carolina, www.learnnc.org

 

Supporting Lessons

Spatial Awareness Activities: Get Up and Go! (PDF) - Activities designed to enhance children’s ability to recognize location and understand where parts of their body are in relation to other parts.

Spatial Awareness Activities
Get Up and Go!, www.getupandgo.tv

Rosie’s Walk: Northern Territory (Australia) Department of Education (PDF) - Use this set of activities and teacher information as students follow Rosie around the farmyard, focusing on location words such as “above,” “below,” “behind,” “front,” and “beside.” (Note: the book on which this lesson is based, Rosie’s Walk, can be obtained at most school libraries, or online, as indicted in Literature Connections, below.)

Rosie’s Walk
Northern Territory (Australia) Department of Education, www.det.nt.gov.au

Elaboration Lessons and Extensions

Fun and Games, Spatial Concepts (Still Scenes): Chateau Meddybemps: (website) - On this web page, students interact with labeled pictures to practice identifying the location of an object.

Fun and Games, Spatial Concepts (Still Scenes)
Chateau Meddybemps, www.meddybemps.com

Assessment Ideas

Part 1: Give each student a teddy bear counter. Instruct students to place their teddy bear counters above their heads, below their shoes, behind their backs, in front of their shoes and beside their shoes.

 

Part 2: Show students a pencil that is on top of the table. Ask students to describe the pencil’s location. Next, place the pencil below the table (under), and ask students to describe the new location. Assess students’ use of each “location” word (e.g., “above,” “behind,” “front” and “beside”).

Literature Connections

Rosie’s Walk. Hutchins, P. (ISBN-13: 9780020437505)

Hide and Seek: All About Location. Hall, K. (ISBN-13: 9780516255194)

Up Above and Down Below. Redding, S. (ISBN-13: 9780811848763)

Positions: Under, On, Beside, in Behind. Aemmer, G. (ISBN-13: 9780887240072)

Above and Below. Johnson, Tami (ISBN-13: 9780736867351)

Up and Down. Johnson, Tami (ISBN-13: 9780736867344)

Related Science TEKS

(K.2A) Ask Questions
The student is expected to ask questions about organisms, objects, and events observed in the natural world.

(K.2B) Plan and Conduct Descriptive Investigations
The student is expected to plan and conduct simple descriptive investigations such as ways objects move.

(K.2C) Collect Data
The student is expected to collect data and make observations using simple equipment such as hand lenses, primary balances, and non-standard measurement tools.

(K.2D) Record and Organize Data & Observations
The student is expected to record and organize data and observations using pictures, numbers, and words.

(K.2E) Communicate Observations
The student is expected to communicate observations with others about simple descriptive investigations.

(K.4A) Tools for Collecting Information
The student is expected to collect information using tools, including computers, hand lenses, primary balances, cups, bowls, magnets, collecting nets, and notebooks; timing devices, including clocks and timers; non-standard measuring items such as paper clips and clothespins; weather instruments such as demonstration thermometers and wind socks; and materials to support observations of habitats of organisms such as terrariums and aquariums.

(K.4B) Five Senses
The student is expected to use senses as a tool of observation to identify properties and patterns of organisms, objects, and events in the environment.

Related Math TEKS

K.2A    The student is expected to use language such as before or after to describe relative position in a sequence of events or objects.

K.2B    The student is expected to name the ordinal positions in a sequence such as first, second, third, etc. for objects through the tenth position.

K.7A    The student is expected to describe one object in relation to another using informal language such as over, under, above, and below.

K.7B    The student is expected to place an object in a specified position.

K.13B  The student is expected to solve problems with guidance that incorporates the processes of understanding the problem, making a plan, carrying out the plan, and evaluating the solution for reasonableness.

K.13D  The student is expected to use tools such as real objects, manipulatives, and technology to solve problems.

K.15A  The student is expected to justify his or her thinking using objects, words, pictures, numbers, and technology.

Additional Resources

Word Pairs Game: Do2Learn (website) - Game that helps children learn about the relationship between “location” words that go together (e.g., front/back, in/out, up/down, etc.).

Word Pairs Game
Do2Learn, www.do2learn.com

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