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Heat Energy

Heat Energy

TEKS Objective

Students will use the five senses to explore different forms of energy such as light, heat, and sound.

Essential Understanding

The student knows that energy, force, and motion are related and are a part of their everyday life.

Science Background

Heat and Temperature: Annenberg Learner (website) - Heat is the transfer of energy between two objects with different temperatures. Build your understanding of heat and temperature through easy-to-follow text and video (58 minutes).

Heat and Temperature
Annenberg Learner,

What is Energy? Annenberg Learner (website) - Differentiates between the scientific meaning of “energy,” vs. its broad interpretation among the general public, and explains different forms and sources of energy.

What is Energy?
Annenberg Learner,

Signature Lesson

Make Baked Crayon Art: (website) - Students observe heat and light energy from the sun change the shape of a crayon.

Make Baked Crayon Art
by MaryAnn F. Kohl,

Supporting Lessons

Melt Down: (website) – Students observe chocolate as it melts when heated, forming a liquid.

Melt Down
by Janice VanCleave,

Heat: National Energy Education Development Project (PDF) – We can not see heat, but we feel it. Investigate heat energy produced by our bodies by rubbing your hands together to feel the heat produced by friction.

National Energy Education Development Project

Elaboration Lessons and Extensions

Units Matter, Temperature page 30 – 31, Bridging II TAKS Module 2 (PDF) – Observe and record what happens when heat energy is added to chocolate chips.

Units Matter

Assessment Ideas

Heat: National Energy Education Development Project (PDF) - Use the discussion questions (page 11) to prompt a class conversation about heat. Record students’ ideas on a chart and assess their understanding based on the answers they provide.

National Energy Education Development Project,

Literature Connections

Energy: Heat, Light, and Fuel. Stille, Darlene R. (ISBN-13: 9781404802490)

Heat. Walker, Sally (ISBN-13: 9780822524595)

Related Science TEKS

(K.2A) Ask Questions
The student is expected to ask questions about organisms, objects, and events observed in the natural world.

(K.2B) Plan and Conduct Descriptive Investigations
The student is expected to plan and conduct simple descriptive investigations such as ways objects move.

(K.2C) Collect Data
The student is expected to collect data and make observations using simple equipment such as hand lenses, primary balances, and non-standard measurement tools.

(K.2D) Record and Organize Data & Observations
The student is expected to record and organize data and observations using pictures, numbers, and words.

(K.2E) Communicate Observations
The student is expected to communicate observations with others about simple descriptive investigations.

(K.4A) Tools for Collecting Information
The student is expected to collect information using tools, including computers, hand lenses, primary balances, cups, bowls, magnets, collecting nets, and notebooks; timing devices, including clocks and timers; non-standard measuring items such as paper clips and clothespins; weather instruments such as demonstration thermometers and wind socks; and materials to support observations of habitats of organisms such as terrariums and aquariums.

(K.4B) Five Senses
The student is expected to use senses as a tool of observation to identify properties and patterns of organisms, objects, and events in the environment.

Related Math TEKS

K.8A    The student is expected to describe and identify an object by its attributes using informal language (including shape, size, type, color, texture, or use).

K.8B    The student is expected to compare two objects based on their attributes.

K.9A    The student is expected to describe and compare the attributes of real-life objects such as balls, boxes, cans, and cones or models of three dimensional geometric figures.

K.10E The student is expected to compare situations or objects according to relative temperature (hotter/colder than, or the same as).

K.13B  The student is expected to solve problems with guidance that incorporates the processes of understanding the problem, making a plan, carrying out the plan, and evaluating the solution for reasonableness.

K.13D  The student is expected to use tools such as real objects, manipulatives, and technology to solve problems.

K.15A  The student is expected to justify his or her thinking using objects, words, pictures, numbers, and technology.

Additional Resources


Melting Butter: PBS Kids Zoomgames (website) - Students play a game in which they pretend to melt.

Melting Butter
PBS Kids,

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