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Sun

Sun

TEKS Objective

The student is expected to observe, describe, and illustrate objects in the sky such as the clouds, Moon, and stars, including the Sun.


Essential Understanding

The student knows that there are recognizable patterns in the natural world and among objects in the sky.

Science Background

Solar System Exploration, Sun: NASA (website) - The Sun is a hot ball of glowing gases at the center of our solar system. Learn more about our very own star with information, images, and facts about the Sun and our solar system.

Solar System Exploration, Sun
NASA, www.nasa.gov

Sun: StarDate (website) - The Sun undergoes constant changes that take place over minutes, days, or even decades or millions of years. Navigate this website to discover more about our amazing star.

Sun
The University of Texas McDonald Observatory, StarDate, stardate.org

Signature Lesson

Our Very Own Star, the Sun: NASA (PDF) - Children’s storybook tells the story of the Sun. Easy-to-understand text and graphics make it a useful classroom tool for younger students. Take students outside for a field trip to observe our sun (wear sunglasses). Have them draw pictures of the sun and describe it to a partner.

Our Very Own Star, the Sun
NASA, www.nasa.gov

Supporting Lessons

Shadow Play: StarDate (PDF) - Shadows illustrate how three-dimensional objects can be viewed in two dimensions. In this series of activities, students learn about the relative movements of Earth and the Sun while experimenting with shadows.

Shadow Play
The University of Texas McDonald Observatory, StarDate, www.stardate.org

Elaboration Lessons and Extensions

Sun As A Star: NASA (PDF) - Collection of activities from NASA and the American Museum of Natural History about the properties and benefits of the Sun.

Sun As A Star
NASA, www.nasa.gov

Assessment Ideas

Our Star, the Sun Lithograph: NASA (PDF) - Show students the Sun images on the lithograph. Ask them to verbally identify two or three facts about the Sun (see page two of PDF for many Sun facts), including the fact that the Sun provides all of Earth’s light and heat energy.

Our Star, the Sun Lithograph
NASA, www.nasa.gov

Literature Connections

Sun Up, Sun Down. Gibbons, Gail (ISBN: 015282782X)

Sun. Vogt, Gregory L. (ISBN: 0736888926)

The Sun is My Favorite Star. Asch, Frank (ISBN: 0152063978)

The Sun, Our Nearest Star. Branley, Franklin (ISBN: 0064452026)

Related Science TEKS

(K.1A) Science Safety
The student is expected to identify and demonstrate safe practices as described in the Texas Safety Standards during classroom and outdoor investigations, including wearing safety goggles, washing hands, and using materials appropriately.

(K.1B) Importance of Safe Practices
The student is expected to discuss the importance of safe practices to keep self and others safe and healthy.

(K.2A) Ask Questions
The student is expected to ask questions about organisms, objects, and events observed in the natural world.

(K.2B) Plan and Conduct Descriptive Investigations
The student is expected to plan and conduct simple descriptive investigations such as ways objects move.

(K.2C) Collect Data
The student is expected to collect data and make observations using simple equipment such as hand lenses, primary balances, and non-standard measurement tools.

(K.2D) Record and Organize Data & Observations
The student is expected to record and organize data and observations using pictures, numbers, and words.

(K.2E) Communicate Observations
The student is expected to communicate observations with others about simple descriptive investigations.

(K.3A) Identify, Explain and Propose a Solution to a Problem
The student is expected to identify and explain a problem such as the impact of littering on the playground and propose a solution in his/her own words.

(K.3B) Make Predictions
The student is expected to make predictions based on observable patterns in nature such as the shapes of leaves.

(K.3C) Explore Scientists
The student is expected to explore that scientists investigate different things in the natural world and use tools to help in their investigations.

(K.4A) Tools for Collecting Information
The student will collect information using tools, including computers, hand lenses, primary balances, cups, bowls, magnets, collecting nets, and notebooks; timing devices, including clocks and timers; non-standard measuring items such as paper clips and clothespins; weather instruments such as demonstration thermometers and wind socks; and materials to support observations of habitats of organisms such as terrariums and aquariums.

(K.4B) Five Senses
The student is expected to use senses as a tool of observation to identify properties and patterns of organisms, objects, and events in the environment.

Related Math TEKS

K.9A    The student is expected to describe and compare the attributes of real-life objects such as balls, boxes, cans, and cones or models of three-dimensional geometric figures.

K.13B  The student is expected to solve problems with guidance that incorporates the processes of understanding the problem, making a plan, carrying out the plan, and evaluating the solution for reasonableness.

K.13D  The student is expected to use tools such as real objects, manipulatives, and technology to solve problems.

K.15A  The student is expected to justify his or her thinking using objects, words, pictures, numbers, and technology.

Additional Resources

Star Stuff Kindergarten: Institute for Connecting Science Research to the Classroom (website) - Hands-on, multidisciplinary activities provide students with basic information about stars, including the Sun.

Star Stuff Kindergarten
Institute for Connecting Science Research to the Classroom, www.icsrc.org

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