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Physical Properties of Water

Physical Properties of Water

TEKS Objective

The student is expected to observe and describe physical properties of natural sources of water, including color and clarity.

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Essential Understanding

The student knows that the natural world includes Earth materials.

Science Background

Water Basics: US Geological Survey (website) - All about water, including common water measurements, such as hardness (dissolved minerals) and sediment content.

Water Basics
US Geological Survey, Georgia Water Resources,

How Do Liquids Behave? BioEd Online (video) - Background information and a step-by-step demonstration of a classroom investigation focused on the chemical and physical properties of water.

How Do Liquids Behave?
BioEd Online,

The Properties of Water: BioEd Online (PDF) - The background information on the water cycle and physical properties of water in its various states.

The Properties of Water
BioEd Online,

Signature Lesson

Properties of Water: Baylor College of Medicine (PDF) - Students will observe and describe the physical properties of water.

Properties of Water
Baylor College of Medicine,

Supporting Lessons

Discoveries at Willow Creek: The Globe Program (website) - Follow Simon, Anita and Dennis as they join Hannah, a local scientist, in making new water-related discoveries at Willow Creek. This module contains a storybook and learning activities.

Discoveries at Willow Creek
The Globe Program,

Elaboration Lessons and Extensions

What Makes Water Special? BioEd Online (website) - Explore and compare some of the physical properties of two liquids with similar appearances (water and oil).

What Makes Water Special?
BioEd Online,

Assessment Ideas

Give students samples of pond water and tap water. Have students compare and contrast the physical properties of each sample, including color and clarity.

Literature Connections

Water, Water Everywhere. Overbeck Bix, Cynthia (ISBN 0871563835)

Where is Water? Nelson, Robin (ISBN 0822545934)

Related Science TEKS

(K.1A) Science Safety
The student is expected to identify and demonstrate safe practices as described in the Texas Safety Standards during classroom and outdoor investigations, including wearing safety goggles, washing hands, and using materials appropriately.

(K.1B) Importance of Safe Practices
The student is expected to discuss the importance of safe practices to keep self and others safe and healthy.

(K.1C) Recycling/Disposal of Science Materials
The student is expected to demonstrate how to use, conserve, and dispose of natural resources and materials such as conserving water and reusing or recycling paper, plastic, and metal.

(K.2A) Ask Questions
The student is expected to ask questions about organisms, objects, and events observed in the natural world.

(K.2C) Collect Data
The student is expected to collect data and make observations using simple equipment such as hand lenses, primary balances, and non-standard measurement tools.

(K.2D) Record and Organize Data & Observations
The student is expected to record and organize data and observations using pictures, numbers, and words.

(K.2E) Communicate Observations
The student is expected to communicate observations with others about simple descriptive investigations.

(K.4A) Tools for Collecting Information
The student will collect information using tools, including computers, hand lenses, primary balances, cups, bowls, magnets, collecting nets, and notebooks; timing devices, including clocks and timers; non-standard measuring items such as paper clips and clothespins; weather instruments such as demonstration thermometers and wind socks; and materials to support observations of habitats of organisms such as terrariums and aquariums.

(K.4B) Five Senses
The student is expected to use senses as a tool of observation to identify properties and patterns of organisms, objects, and events in the environment.

Related Math TEKS

K.8A    The student is expected to describe and identify an object by its attributes using informal language (including shape, size, type, color, texture, or use).

K.8B    The student is expected to compare two objects based on their attributes.

K.13B  The student is expected to solve problems with guidance that incorporates the processes of understanding the problem, making a plan, carrying out the plan, and evaluating the solution for reasonableness.

K.15A  The student is expected to justify his or her thinking using objects, words, pictures, numbers, and technology.

Additional Resources

Have Fun with “Weird” Water: (website) - Explore the properties of water while working as a scientist to make predictions, conduct experiments, and discuss results.

Have Fun with “Weird” Water

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