The student is expected to collect, record, and analyze information using tools, including calculators, microscopes, cameras, computers, hand lenses, metric rulers, Celsius thermometers, prisms, mirrors, pan balances, triple beam balances, spring scales, graduated cylinders, beakers, hot plates, meter sticks, magnets, collecting nets, and notebooks; timing devices, including clocks and stopwatches; and materials to support observation of habitats of organisms such as terrariums and aquariums.
The student knows how to use a variety of tools, materials and methods to conduct science inquiry.
Temperature Measurement, Thermometers: School for Champions (website) - Information about how a thermometer works, different types of thermometers, and how to calibrate a thermometer.
Thermal Energy Physics: Thermalenergy.org (website) - Explains the physical science of thermal energy and relates it to heat, absolute zero, temperature scale and more.
Temperature Scales: School for Champions (website) - Background on the evolution and applications of different temperature scales (Celsius, Kelvin, Fahrenheit), and explanations for converting from one scale to another. This information also could be used as the basis for a history investigation.
Physics in a Bottle, Expanding Thermometers: Physics Central (website) - Students build their own thermometers with a water bottle and a straw; collect, record and analyze temperature data with their instruments, and learn how/why the thermometers work.
- Supporting Lessons
- Assessment Ideas
- Literature Connections
- Additional Resources
EnergyWorks: NEED.org (PDF) - Use several activities from this energy workbook. Activities related to temperature begins on page 11.
The Mitten Problem: Power Sleuth (PDF) - This activity uses a familiar experience (using gloves/mittens to keep hands warm) to elicit students’ ideas about heat and temperature, and to promote exploration of students’ developing understanding of heat sources.
Elaboration Lessons and Extensions
Stop Heat from Escaping: TeachEngineering (website) - Students explore the concept of heat (and energy) conservation by testing several materials as insulators.
Interactive Thermometer: Mathisfun.com (website) - Students rank different items identified by an online, interactive thermometer, from coldest to hottest. They can check their answers individually or as a group.
Temperature: Heating Up and Cooling Down. Stille, D. (ISBN-13: 978-1404803459)
Hot or Cold? Martin, Elena (ISBN-13: 978-0736816984)
Practical Temperature Measuring. Childs, Peter (ISBN-13: 978-0750650809)
Temperature (Measuring the Weather). Rodgers, Alan (ISBN-13: 978-1432900809)
Temperature Game: NASA (website) - This interactive online game teaches students about the relative temperatures of different locations and objects.
What’s the Weather: FOSSWEB (website) - Cold, hot, warm, cool: what does the temperature mean to you? This interactive animation asks students to help the bear decide what to wear, based on the weather outside.