The student is expected to in all fields of science, analyze, evaluate, and critique scientific explanations by using empirical evidence, logical reasoning, and experimental and observational testing, including examining all sides of scientific evidence of those scientific explanations, so as to encourage critical thinking by the student.
The student uses critical thinking and scientific problem solving to make informed decisions.
Evidence-Based Decision-Making: ServeCenter (website) - Ideas to help educators apply evidence-based decision-making to their own efforts to improve student motivation and achievement.
Teaching Critical Thinking, Lessons from Cognitive Science: Tim van Gelder (PDF) - Unpublished journal article that discusses the role and importance of critical thinking in education.
Introduction to Experimental Design: Learn NC (website) - Students learn and use experimental design vocabulary, and practice their critical thinking skills by reading an experiment description, analyzing the information provided, and answering questions about the experiment’s design.
- Supporting Lessons
- Assessment Ideas
- Literature Connections
- Additional Resources
The Case of the Missing Computer Chip: Indiana University (website) - Analyzing and evaluating clues and pieces of evidence, students attempt to resolve a simulated crime.
Soak It Up: PBS (PDF) - Students use problem-solving strategies and reasoning to compare the price and qualities of three types of paper towel and then decide which one is the best value.
Elaboration Lessons and Extensions
Experimenting with pH: Learn NC (website) - Students practice their critical thinking skills in an inquiry-based experiment that explores the effects of volume and concentration on pH.
Have student groups design fair tests to compare two or three brands of the same commercial product. Then have each student write a paper that uses evidence collected during the test to identify the best product among those considered.
Building Thinking Skills. Parks, Sandra (ISBN-13: 978-1601441492)
Crime Scene Detective. Schulz, Karen (ISBN-13: 978-1593630638)
Temperature: Heating Up and Cooling Down. Stille, Darlene (ISBN-13: 978-1404803459)
Critical Thinking and Reflection: Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning (website) - Resources to help teachers assess and develop students’ critical thinking and reflection skills.