Identifying and Comparing Landforms
The student is expected to identify and compare different landforms, including mountains, hills, valleys, and plains.
The students know that Earth consists of useful resources and its surface is constantly changing.
Surface of the Earth: National Geographic (website) - Engaging photos of different landforms, with accompanying explanations and links to related information.
Landforms and Bodies of Water: EnchantedLearning.com (website) - Glossary with illustrations of 30 different landforms.
How to Make Landforms from Clay: eHow.com (website) - Students identify and compare landforms, and increase their awareness of each landform’s purpose by sculpting them.
- Supporting Lessons
- Assessment Ideas
- Literature Connections
- Additional Resources
Papier Mache Landforms: eHow.com (website) – Students make a papier mache model of one continent, featuring three landforms they have studied.
Exploring Landforms: Teachers.net (website) - This interdisciplinary unit explores several types of landforms. Students choose a famous landform to investigate, and then create/give a presentation.
Learning the Landforms: The Core Knowledge Foundation (PDF) - Extensive unit on landforms and bodies of water, with a variety of activities to explore Earth’s geographical features. Integrates reading, writing and art.
Elaboration Lessons and Extensions
How to Teach Landforms to Students: eHow.com (website) - Includes a number of ideas for extending students’ knowledge of landforms, including clay modeling and creating a landform bulletin board.
Landforms: TeacherLINK (website) - In this connection with social studies, students investigate and build a model of a specific geographical landform along the Mormon Pioneer Trail.
Give the class a worksheet to complete while students come to the teacher's desk one at a time. Give each student a graham cracker and some brown, green and blue frosting. Students should demonstrate their knowledge of landforms by creating different forms on the graham cracker, using the frosting provided. They also should explain their thinking. This activity can serve as a formative assessment or scored using a rubric for a more formal test.
Landforms Matching: Discovery Education (website) - Landform vocabulary matching quiz.
Introducing Landforms. Kalman, Bobbie (ISBN-10: 0778732134)
What Is a Landform? Rissman, Rebecca (ISBN-10: 1432932586)
America’s National Parks: The Spectacular Forces That Shaped Our Treasured Lands. Michels, Dia and Levy, Nathan (ISBN: 0 7894 8016 6)
In Search of The Grand Canyon: Down The Colorado River with John Wesley Powell. Fraser, Mary Ann (ISBN: 0-805-05543-6)
Mountains. Collier, Michael (ISBN: 9781931414180)
Valleys. Webster, Christine (ISBN: 0-736-83716-7)
Landforms for Second Graders: Teachers.net (website) - Ideas for studying landforms with a salt dough mixture, suggested by a teacher from Texas.
Landforms by Hand: Teachers.net (website) - Teach landforms in this simple activity using your hand.
Landforms: The ProTeacher Collection (website) - Teachers’ ideas for hands-on activities that reinforce students’ understanding of landforms.