Classify matter by physical properties, including shape, relative mass, relative temperature, texture, flexibility, and whether material is a solid or liquid.
The student knows that matter has physical properties and those properties determine how it is described, classified, changed, and used.
Thermal Energy Physics: Thermalenergy.org (website) - Explains the physical science of thermal energy and relates it to heat, absolute zero, temperature scale and more.
Melting Chocolate: Science Kids (website) - Students attempt to melt chocolate in different conditions. Different kinds of chocolates can be used to determine if they melt at the same temperature.
- Supporting Lessons
- Assessment Ideas
- Literature Connections
- Additional Resources
Canned Heat: National Weather Service (website) - Students conduct an investigation to test and compare the heat absorption properties of dark and light-colored coffee cans.
Elaboration Lessons and Extensions
When Hot is Not: The Franklin Institute (PDF) - Compare the temperature of warm and cold water using your hands. The activity begins on the second page.
Introducing Temperature Measurement: NASA (website) - Students measure and record temperature
The Mitten Problem: Power Sleuth (PDF) - This activity uses a familiar experience to promote student understanding of heat and heat sources.
Interactive Thermometer: MathIsFun.com (website) - Students rank different items identified by the interactive thermometer, from coldest to hottest.
Temperature: Heating Up and Cooling Down. Stille, D. (ISBN-13: 978-1404803459)
All About Temperature. Auch, A. (ISBN-13: 978-1429666084)
Temperature Game: NASA (website) - Students learn about the relative temperature of different locations and objects.