The student is expected to observe, describe, and record patterns of objects in the sky, including the appearance of the Moon.
The student knows that there are recognizable patterns in the natural world and among objects in the sky.
Earth and Moon Cycles: BioEd Online and K8Science (video) - Patterns of motion that can be observed in the sky among the Sun, Earth, and the Moon are explained and illustrated.
23.5 Degrees: K8Science (video) - Explains the seasonal patterns caused by the motion of Earth around the Sun.
Observing The Moon: The University of Texas at Austin (PDF) - Students observe the appearance of the moon, describe and record their observations over time, and make sketches in their notebooks.
- Supporting Lessons
- Assessment Ideas
- Literature Connections
- Additional Resources
Modeling the Night Sky: The University of Texas at Austin (PDF) - Kinesthetic activity in which students model the night sky and its patterns of change by acting as parts of the solar system.
Elaboration Lessons and Extensions
Motion of the Sun and Earth: Eye on the Sky, Project FIRST (website) - Students create a classroom (indoor) model and record the motion of Earth and the Sun.
Motion of the Sun and Earth: Project FIRST (website) - Students create a playground-sized (outdoor) model to study the rotation of the Earth and the Sun, and the Earth’s revolution around the Sun.
Have students draw pictures of the sky, indicating where the Sun rises, where it is at noon, and where it sets. Also have students draw pictures showing the Moon’s appearance as it passes through different phases during the month.
Long Night Moon. Rylant, Cynthia. (ISBN: 978-0689854262)
Phases of the Moon. Olson, Gillia. (ISBN: 978-0736896177)
What Makes Day and Night? Project FIRST (website) - A two-part activity that combines literature with students’ modeling of Earth’s rotation to explore what makes day and night.