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Pictures, Numbers, and Words

Pictures, Numbers, and Words

TEKS Objective

The student is expected to record and organize data using pictures, numbers, and words.

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Essential Understanding

The student develops abilities to ask questions and seek answers in classroom and outdoor investigations. 

Science Background

It’s Time for More Early Childhood Science: National Science Teachers Association (website) - Article that explains why primary students are at the perfect age to begin “discovering” science.

It’s Time for More Early Childhood Science
National Science Teachers Association, www.nsta.org

What is Inquiry Science Teaching? BioEd Online (video) - Strategies for using questions and investigations to guide your students’ science learning.

What is Inquiry Science Teaching?
BioEd Online, www.bioedonline.org

Categorical Data Collection: Math Solutions (PDF) - This article details data collection and graphing techniques appropriate for 1st and 2nd graders. It also describes ways to assess students’ their ability to analyze graphs and charts.

Categorical Data Collection
Math Solutions, www.mathsolutions.com

Signature Lesson

Graphing the Week’s Temperature: Learn NC (website) - Students collect and record local temperature data for one week, and then use Graph Club software to create a graph to organize information. (If you do not have Graph Club software, create a hard copy graph sheet template and provide students with strips of construction paper in various colors to make their graphs.)

Graphing the Week’s Temperature
Learn NC, www.learnnc.org

Supporting Lessons

Needs of Plants: BioEd Online (website) - This simple activity teaches the scientific method, and illustrates the needs of plants for survival and growth. Students observe four treatment groups of radish plants and record their observations in a table over the course of 16 days.

Needs of Plants
BioEd Online, www.bioedonline.org

Elaboration Lessons and Extensions

A Magnet Project Makes a Great Science Fair Idea! Easy Science Fair Projects (website) - Assess students’ skill with collecting data and making observations as they test various objects to determine if those items are attracted to magnets.

A Magnet Project Makes a Great Science fair Idea!
Easy Science Fair Projects, www.easy-science-fair-projects.net

Assessment Ideas

Give each student a plastic bag containing 15 bear counters of various colors. Have each student sort the bears into different color groups and create a numerical graph showing how many bears of each color are in his/her bag. Then, have students create a second graph using pictures instead of numbers. 

Literature Connections

What’s Going On? Collecting and Recording Your Data. Burns, Kylie (ISBN-13: 978-0778751700)

The Great Graph Contest. Leedy Loreen (ISBN-13: 978-0823420292)

Mashed Potatoes: Collecting and Reporting Data. Harris, Nancy (ISBN-13: 978-1600446405) 

Related Science TEKS

(1.2A) Ask Questions
The student is expected to ask questions about organisms, objects, and events observed in the natural world.

(1.2B) Plan and Conduct Descriptive Investigations
The student is expected to plan and conduct simple descriptive investigations such as ways objects move.

(1.2C) Collect Data
The student is expected to collect data and make observations using simple equipment such as hand lenses, primary balances, and non-standard measurement tools.

(1.2E) Communicate Observations
The student is expected to communicate observations with others about simple descriptive investigations.

(1.4A) Tools for Collecting Information
The student is expected to collect information using tools, including computers, hand lenses, primary balances, cups, bowls, magnets, collecting nets, and notebooks; timing devices, including clocks and timers; non-standard measuring items such as paper clips and clothespins; weather instruments such as demonstration thermometers and wind socks; and materials to support observations of habitats of organisms such as terrariums and aquariums.

Related Math TEKS

1.7F     Compare and order two or more objects according to weight/mass (from heaviest to lightest).

1.9A    Collect and sort data.

1.9B     Use organized data to construct real object graphs, picture graphs, and bar-type graphs.

1.11C   Select or develop an appropriate problem-solving plan or strategy including drawing a picture, looking for a pattern, systematic guessing and checking, or acting it out in order to solve a problem.

1.11D  Use tools such as real objects, manipulatives, and technology to solve problems.

1.12A  Explain and record observations using objects, words, pictures, numbers, and technology.

1.13A  Justify his or her thinking using objects, words, pictures, numbers, and technology.

Additional Resources

Make a Living Graph: Houghton Mifflin Company (website) - Learn about bar graphs and create one to graphically represent the favorite foods of students in the class.

Make a Living Graph
Houghton Mifflin Company, www.eduplace.com

Data Collection in Early Childhood: National Science Teachers Association (website) - Data collection is an important part of science inquiry. Here are some examples of data collection methods for science investigations by young children.

Data Collection in Early Childhood
National Science Teachers Association, nstacommunities.org

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